Marine Phage, Viruses and Viromes

Marine viral images


  • 2010.12.20: Sequencing, Assembly, and Annotation for all samples completed; all project data available from CAMERA
  • Project status updates are here
  • Audio of assembly, annotation, and file format tutorial is available on the protocols page

The Gordon & Betty Moore Foundation's Marine Microbiology Initiative (MMI) aims to generate new knowledge about the composition, function, and ecological role of the microbial communities that serve as the basis of the ocean's food webs and that facilitate the flow of nitrogen, carbon, and energy in the ocean. Phage and viruses play a critical role in shaping microbial diversity, abundance and evolution and in this capacity have a significant impact on atmospheric composition and ecosystem function. In an effort to understand the ecology and evolution of marine phage and viruses and to explore the diversity and ecological roles of entire phage/viral communities through metagenomics, the Broad Institute is collaborating with MMI and research groups whose sequencing nominations were chosen by the Marine Phage, Virus, and Virome Selection Committee.

This project aims to sequence, assemble, and annotate approximately 200 diverse marine phage/virus genomes and to sequence approximately 50 viral metagenomes from an array of marine environments.

Photo credits and captions

The images on this page were provided by Amy M. Chan, University Of British Columbia.
They are, from left to right:

  1. An epifluorescence image of SYBR-Green stained viruses (smallest dots) and bacteria/archaea (larger dots) from the Arctic Ocean; image by Jerome Payet.
  2. Cyanophages
  3. Phycodnavirus infecting Chrysochromulina spp.
  4. Cyanophages
  5. Vibriophage